Tag Archives: Photo Business

The 4 Types of Photographers

The other day, my barber asked me: “So what do you do?” I told him I was a photographer, so he proceeded to tell me all about his buddy who shoots weddings. And while I wanted to relate on this shared commonality, I had to be honest with myself: shooting weddings is extremely different from...

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    A Bad Deal

    I recently passed on job that was such a bad deal, I had to share. Below is the job description and my thoughts on it. Hi Lincoln, Thank you for the fast response! Below is the run down for the job. We’ll be putting together a list of (roughly) 60 venues (restaurants, bars, concert spaces)...

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    • Mau Orozco09/03/2013 - 9:51 pm

      Unreal. I see similar “opportunities” come up frequently now. Long time ago I briefly worked in post production for a company that shot hotels to create virtual tours and they offered a similar deal (probably not as bad) and they had people lined up to do the photography.

      Of course the post production department would frequently have to save the day when the crappy images came in. Unbelievable they had the audacity to make this offer after looking at your level of work.ReplyCancel

    • Aubrie LeGauly09/04/2013 - 7:57 am

      Wow. It sounds like a horrible deal. Thanks for sharing this it was informative to see what you thought…and it taught us “newer” photographers to say no to bad deals.ReplyCancel

    • KW09/04/2013 - 10:52 am

      Holy smokes! I feel like even using my iPhone would cost more money to just produce a shot-unedited.
      Having the pleasure of working next you and your methods, this is very insulting. As I am sure they will get what they want from someone, Where do you go from here?
      Thanks for sharing this bit of insight. As a new photographer, all of your posts are very informative, a little scary, and extremely valuable.
      KReplyCancel

    • Mary Anderson09/04/2013 - 12:11 pm

      Lincoln, wise move! Having worked with Philip for 13 years, I know how incredulous this job is. You’re exactly right, they want a button pusher who takes no pride in the quality of their work or building a reputation or portfolio. Good shooting takes lots of time…and whatever lighting is necessary to make that shot magical. Unfortunately their shots will look as good as $10 per.ReplyCancel

    • Lincoln Barbour09/04/2013 - 2:24 pm

      Hi everyone! Thanks for all the supportive comments. I’ve always felt that transparency is the best way to elevate the industry. A lot has change from the film days, but you should still be able to make a living as a photographer. Shooting jobs like this is sure way to lose money.ReplyCancel

    • Lauren Hall-Behrens09/04/2013 - 5:04 pm

      It is truly stunning that people compliment one’s work without any true understanding, interest or respect of its nature. That being said, turning away jobs can be difficult for people starting out in their careers – I’m glad you’ve posted your experience as a warning to them.ReplyCancel

    • Kindred spirit10/22/2013 - 3:01 pm

      I got the same pitch a year ago from Urban Daddy. What a joke. I like how they want you to do the cold calling too.

      They never launched in my city so maybe they haven’t found someone dumb enough to take it.ReplyCancel

    • Jaclyn Campanaro05/31/2014 - 3:37 pm

      Hello, just curious what your response was. When I get these kinds of “offers” I’m always incredulous and never know how to respond. A simple “no thank you”? A short explanation of why I’m turning the job down? Something inside me always wants to tell them “You should be ashamed of yourselves.”ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour06/05/2014 - 3:48 pm

        Sorry to reply so late, been busy with real work for real pay 😉 I was kind of rude to the guy who contacted me. I told him I don’t work this way and it was kind of insulting. Not my best response, but it really wasn’t worth it to me. It’s really hard to make cheap clients into anything but that. I’ve had other inquiries like this come in and I’ve just said I’m booked.ReplyCancel

    • Adrian Tan07/25/2014 - 7:24 pm

      Sounds like a job for real estate photographers. A quick 3 exposure for HDR, 5 image job can be done within 20mins. It’s actually worth it for them because they get anything between $150-250 for 20-30 images.

      Although the licencing is just a dead ripoff!ReplyCancel

    Q&A About Wonderful Machine

    I’ve been a member of Wonderful Machine for several years now. A lot of great things (big and small) have happened by being on their roster. And unlike some other source sites out there, I’ve never felt like I’ve wasted money being on their site. I frequently get emailed from photographers thinking of joining up....

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    • Zack Arias04/17/2012 - 8:42 am

      I’ve been with WM for about a year and they paid for themselves on the first job. I don’t know how I’d live without them.

      Cheers,
      ZackReplyCancel

      • Frank Apollonio02/23/2016 - 7:01 pm

        Thats good to hear, you are a well known photographer to be fair. But I am about to join. I hope It starts getting me more shooting work.ReplyCancel

    • Brian Carlson01/30/2013 - 9:57 am

      Thanks for posting this. I’m doing my research on WM right now and it’s been really helpful.ReplyCancel

    • Fritz Liedtke12/29/2015 - 7:18 pm

      Thanks, Lincoln, for sharing! Super helpful as I myself am researching all these different options.ReplyCancel

    • Morgan Ione09/28/2016 - 11:50 am

      Thanks for posting this! Came across it while looking for photographer feedback on their experiences with WM.ReplyCancel

    Photo Biz: Do Your CODB to Create Your Pricing

    I was talking to a photographer friend of mine last night she’s always asking me for pricing advice. I usually tell her to charge her daily Cost of Doing Business (CODB) and then mark it up from there based on the scale of usage.  She told me she’s never calculated her CODB and I scolded her big time....

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    • Andy02/25/2012 - 8:01 am

      How many days per week do you work? $1800 overhead for a “day of shooting” is ridiculously wasteful if you only trying to net $50k in salary.

      I think you’ve mixed up “week” and “day”ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour02/25/2012 - 9:45 am

        Hey Andy, these numbers aren’t my numbers. I just made them up to illustrate a point. If you look at the overhead figures, I’d say it’s average for someone based in a small city. Your overhead may be a lot lower if your in a small town, so your daily CODB would be lower. But if you live in NYC, you overhead is going to be much higher as well as your salary needs.

        I did the calculation based on 50 billable days a year, so around 1 shoot day a week. Some photographers (like photojournalists) will shoot upwards of 150 days a year. Some photographers (wedding photogs) shoot more like 25 days a year . So their daily CODB would be lower or higher respectively.

        Let’s assume the overhead is the same for a photojournalist and a wedding photographer. Here’s how they would calculate their Baseline Creative Fee:

        Photojournalist: ($50,000 + $44,930) ÷ 150 = $632.87

        Wedding Photog: ($50,000 + $44,930) ÷ 25 = $3797.20

        So the photojournalist needs to make at least $632.87 per shoot to make their CODB. A wedding photog needs to charge at least $3797.20 to make their CODB.

        ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour02/25/2012 - 9:47 am

        Also, since you asked, I work 6 to 7 days a week year round. I shoot maybe 50-75 days a year.ReplyCancel

    • Sergio Garcia02/25/2012 - 3:49 pm

      Lincoln,

      This was a nice refresher. Thanks for sharing.

      SReplyCancel

    • Nigel Merrick (Photography Coach)02/25/2012 - 7:11 pm

      Thanks for sharing this interesting and very informative post – too many photographers just don’t understand the need to know how much it costs them just to take their lens cap off.

      As a result, they end up taking anything that comes along, trying to beat out their competition based only on price, and settling for inferior rates, simply because they need the money at the time (an understandable but still wrong thing to do in my opinion).

      Of course, we also need to add to these numbers that cost of goods sold (appropriately marked up as well). Unfortunately, again, so many photographers freak out at the resulting fees that they really need to charge, because they lack the confidence needed to present the fees properly, or even ask for them.

      Thanks for posting this – I’ll share this with my other readers too.ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour02/26/2012 - 10:30 am

        I totally agree. I feel like the more photographers know how to run their business profitably, the better off the industry will be as a whole. Thanks for spreading the word.ReplyCancel

    • Donna02/26/2012 - 5:06 am

      This is great information! I’m at a turning point in my life, and I think this is the information I needed to move forward! Thank you!!ReplyCancel

    • Paul Barnes02/26/2012 - 7:23 am

      At $1,800 a day you would bill $450,000 for a 50 week shoot. This seems very unrealistic. Your formula expects clients to pay for your downtime. Again unrealistic.

      Perhaps a formulae that takes into account “post-production” time?

      You are asking clients to pay for your downtime. Actually this is very common in any fee structure, such as lawyers, doctors, etc. but as costs grow this fee setting method helps cause hyper-inflation.ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour02/26/2012 - 10:26 am

        Hey Paul, I think you might have misread what I was trying to get accross. The $1800/day rate is based on shooting 50 billable days in a calendar year. If a client wanted to hire me to shoot for 50 weeks, 5 days a week, 250 total days, then I would probably do a project rate. Using the demo numbers above, the CODB for 250 billable days is $380/day. But since your giving up your life for a year, I would probably charge a flat project rate of $125,000 – $150,000 to cover your overhead and pay a nice salary. I’d want to get paid monthly, too.

        This is all hypothetical. A 50 week job is highly rare. It’s wiser to base your CODB on the realistic number of shooting days you do in a year. Office days, post production days, vacation days, etc., should be excluded from your calculations.ReplyCancel

    • Dominique Vorillon02/29/2012 - 2:55 pm

      Hello,

      Thanks for your post; I have been fighting with all these issues for a long time, trying to find a way to standardize my pricing and trim creating estimates!
      The way you explain your usage fee scale seems practical but is unclear to me ( and I understand that each case is different, negotiable, flexible…etc)

      First, in case of a day rate job, you would add your usage fee to your BCF correct?
      so for a 2 days job you would add 2 BCF + 2 usage fee rate?

      Now, are your usage fees per day, per job? whatever the number of images shot on that day/ job?
      How do you price usage of individual shots; like let’s say the clients decides to use 3 for marketing out of 10 shots that day?

      Same questions regarding advertising usage…

      Great site by the way; anybody you would recommend as a web designer?
      Thank for taking the time to answer!
      DominiqueReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour02/29/2012 - 6:27 pm

        Hi Dominique,

        It’s up to you, but I typically don’t separate out my usage fees from my creative fees. I just have the one fee to rule them all. Sometimes, a client will want the option to buy additional usage and I’ll line item that out.

        As for day rates, I generally don’t do them. But, hypothetically, if your job was local, then I would charge your BCF for 2 days. If your job was national, then I would ask them what their budget was, what the shots would be used for, and how many shots you would be delivering. Every job is different, so my formula isn’t perfect for every situation by a long shot. It’s just a general place to start. Maybe you do your BCF for 2 days and then add in an appropriate usage fee based on the number of shots you deliver and what the shots we’re going to be used for. Use the per shot rate method to find that. If the job was an image library situation and the exact number of shots was unclear, do a rough guess of what you would shoot in a day realistically and come up with a fair price based on the usage. If I shoot architecture, I maybe get 10-15 shots in a day. If I shoot lifestyle, I’ll get 20-30 final shots in a day. It all depends.

        I’ve been doing this long enough to know there’s no perfect answer and no real easy way to do it. Just find your starting point and go from there. Photo assignments are affected by supply and demand just as much as anything. If you’re in demand, you can charge more. If you’re not, then charge less to get new work. Just don’t go below your CODB.

        Oh, and editorial pays squat. I will shoot below my CODB for an editorial gig if I think it’s good for my portfolio. If it’s not, I’ll pass.ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour02/29/2012 - 6:36 pm

        Also, for web designers, Arutai Studios (arutai.com) is great for custom solutions. Or you Graph Paper Press (graphpaperpress.com) makes awesome WordPress templates for photographers. My site is loosely based on their Modularity theme. Glad you like it!ReplyCancel

    • LucaFaz fotografo03/01/2012 - 2:02 pm

      Hi,
      while there is sound advice in your model I think it is a very dangerous strategy for new photographers.

      One shortcoming is that the number of billable days is inversely correlated on the daily rate.

      The other is that while is it clear that ex post any day spent for earning less that the associated cost of doing business is actually money given to the client there are situation were it may make a lot of sense of doing so.

      Namely increased experience, more connections that will lead into referrals. These elements are critical for a starter.

      I’d say that while one has to plan enough financial resources to maintain the start up phase till sustainability the controlled variable should be the number of paid shootings in a given time lapse and the price should be as high (low) as possible to ensure that amount of shootings.

      A strategy should be worked out on how to raise this price till the desired value.

      L.ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour03/01/2012 - 2:18 pm

        Hi Luca, I agree with you that young photographers need to start somewhere and that sometimes you will shoot below your CODB in order to get experience or portfolio work. Also, many young photographers will also work as assistants, which usually pays less than a typical CODB. In the end, money is money and you do what you need to do to survive. But as your business grows and you become solely dependent on shooting to sustain your income and grow your business, you absolutely have to set your ground floor and say I can’t work for any less than this. The sooner you do it, the better off you’ll be in the long run.

        If, no matter what you do, you can’t get paid your CODB, then you either need to lower your overhead & salary or seek out a new profession.ReplyCancel

    • Monique Delanoue03/01/2012 - 5:09 pm

      Thanx so much for sharing this – I haven’t looked at anything else but this artical reading it over and over and saving it on my phone so I can confidently ask for a industry standard rate 😀 yay! I’ve calculated my CODB and think it’s still quite affordable and in line with my fellow graphers – thanx again for sharing Lincoln!ReplyCancel

    • Eduardo03/08/2012 - 7:02 am

      Read your answers to all comments so far but still confused about how you calculate the Usage Fee or what it includes.

      Say you’re shooting for a restaurant’s menu. This may take you half a day to a full day, so you charge, using your numbers, $1,800.

      I understand that you can call those $1,800 either your Day rate or your Creative Fee.. they’re the same, right? as the creative fee would be your codb, time and talent for the shooting.

      Then comes the usage for your images. And here’s were I get confused. When you say, for instance, Local Ad, Web, & Marketing Usage: $1,800 x 1.1 = $1,980…

      1) Do you mean you’ll charge $1,800 (creative fee|day rate) + $1,980 (usage) = $3,780 ? And, will that include that you give the usage for all images created during the shooting (thus delivering all images to the client)?

      2) Or, $3,780 is your creative fee plus the usage for One image on Ads, etc.?

      3) Or, you only charge $1,980 and that includes your Creative Fee and the Usage for all images created during the shooting?

      4) Or, you only charge $1,980 and that includes your creative fee and the usage for only One image?

      Gracias,
      EduardoReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour03/08/2012 - 11:21 am

        Hi Eduardo, happy to clarify. It’s been my experience that any job you shoot for a local client, the rights need to be pretty broad. I don’t want to micro manage their usage and they want the freedom to use the photos however they to. The Creative Fee can be a day rate, a per shot rate, or a project rate. I don’t split out my Creative Fee and Usage Fees, unless the client requests a line item for optional additional usage.

        In your example, if I was shooting for a restaurant and they didn’t know they number of shots they wanted to get, then I would charge them $1,800 for a day of shooting. If they wanted to add on advertising usage, I would mark that base number up 10% and charge them $1,980 total. So the additional fee would be $180 more for all the shots.

        If the restaurant knew how many shots they wanted and only one or two were going to be used for advertising, then you could go the per shot route and charge different rates. For example, 4 shots with web/marketing usage and 2 shots with web/marketing/ad usage. It would be 4 shots x $325 and 2 shots x $350, total of $2000.

        These formulas are not an exact science, more of guide to help you come up with your price. Ultimately, it’s up to how you want to spell it out and put it in your estimate. You also have to keep in mind what the market will bear and how complex the job is.ReplyCancel

        • Eduardo03/09/2012 - 9:12 pm

          Muchas gracias!ReplyCancel

        • Jeff Singer03/20/2012 - 6:55 am

          So it’s better for a client to call you and say they don’t know how many shots they need. That way they can get 15 shots for $1980 versus 6 shots for $2000

          In situations where they don’t know the number of images, I figure out what a fair per image rate would be. Then, based on what fee we come up with for “the day”, i’d say “up to N images”.ReplyCancel

          • jane03/26/2012 - 12:45 pm

            Thanks Eduardo for asking those questions and thanks Lincoln for the answers. It helps clarify some questions I had in my mind as well when I read it.ReplyCancel

    • Rob Tannenbaum03/13/2012 - 7:40 am

      Lincoln!

      Terrific post, thanks so much, I will share with all my fellow photogs!

      AND I love your work, your portfolio is CHOCK full of thoughtful images. There’s a certain quiet, street-photog, observer quality. At the same time, the compositions and content offer enough to make one linger and search deeper…well done!

      –RobReplyCancel

    • Narayan03/19/2012 - 9:33 am

      This is a great example (and eerily close to my reality). Although, the amount your example has for taxes would equal only 5% self-employment tax (how sweet would that be!). With a 15% self-employment tax that number should be about $13,500… this would bring the creative fee closer to $2000. It sure would suck to not be expecting that tax bill!ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour03/19/2012 - 10:31 am

        Thanks for pointing that out. Self Employment Tax is a really stinger every year.ReplyCancel

    • Michael Clark03/19/2012 - 10:23 am

      Lincoln –

      While it is always a good thing to calculate your estimated CODB, how many days you will be shooting assignments is very difficult to guess so the CODB is always an estimate. Your example might be good for local clients but it would be a disaster on the national or international level because it does not take into account the usage fees (i.e. what the images are used for).

      Images used for advertising cost more than images shot for an editorial assignment. Some images require extra gear or expense to create and therefore command a higher price. If a photographer doesn’t understand usage right and the standard fees charged for such rights then they are massively shooting themselves in the foot. I would highly recommend fotoQuote or Jim Pickerell’s book “Negotiating Stock Photo Prices”:

      http://www.jimpickerell.com/guide.asp

      For the really big jobs you charge your day rate + plus the usage rate or if the usage is huge, like “5 years unlimited exclusive usage” then the usage fee often becomes your overall fee no matter how many days it takes to shoot, as long as it is within reason.

      Just my two cents…ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour03/19/2012 - 10:39 am

        Hey Michael, thanks for commenting. It’s been my experience that if I use “standard fees” based on fotoQuote or elsewhere, I never get those jobs. So, I just created my own pricing system and I charge what I charge. I feel like the days of very specific usage rights are coming to end. For most of my jobs, clients are requesting really broad rights for marketing, print advertising, and/or online. I just wanted to simplify my fees for that amount of usage.

        Now that I have rep, things are a little different, but I would say overall he’s estimates are in line with my pricing structure.

        I’d also like to say, this guide is more pointed towards young photographers working primarily in a local market. Once you’re at the level of shooting national ad campaigns, your business model changes a lot.ReplyCancel

    • Torunn03/19/2012 - 2:27 pm

      thanks heaps, found you via a photo editor and have forwarded to fellow photographers asking the same question 😉 I work much the same way, and it works! Totally agree on your attitude not to micro manage usage right for local clients, straight forward and generous image licensing with clear boundaries. Love your voice, both verbally and visually. Thanks again and keep up the good work!ReplyCancel

    • Jeff Singer03/20/2012 - 7:04 am

      I posted this over on APE, but this is where all the action is!

      I guess I never understood how standardizing your pricing will get you more jobs that pay better. Knowing your CODB is important, but it won’t have an effect on a client hiring you or not. Especially in the editorial world. Most editorial jobs are take it or leave it propositions (unless you have a certain name). They call and say “we have $XXX + expenses” or more commonly “we have $XXXX flat fee”. You can usually bump them a bit from there, but not usually anything specific. So, if you know your CODB and that fee is less than that,you can say no… But the client isn’t going to say “oh, that’s below your CODB… Well then we’ll increase it to cover your CODB”.

      And, if it’s a good rate for the shoot but lower than your CODB and you have nothing else going on that day… What are you going to do, say no? (the key to that sentence was “it’s a good rate for the shoot… Obviously you say no if it’s a bad rate even if you don’t have anything else to do that day). It seems like you would especially want to take the job if you don’t have another job opportunity because your business costs (electricity, studio rent, etc) are still going that day whether you take the shoot or not. If you don’t take the job, that increases what you need to make on the next shoot.

      And taking a shoot that’s below your calculated CODB will actually reduce your CODB… If you calculated you were going to shoot 50 jobs a year and your daily CODB was $1000 and you start turning down $800 jobs; well, if you turn down 50 $800 jobs over the year then your CODB would have been $500 which means you should have taken all those jobs.ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour03/20/2012 - 10:58 am

        Hey Jeff, I know what you mean about editorial gigs not paying your CODB. I’ve shot a lot of them personally in the past and will probably shoot some more in the future. Most of the time, the shoots are around a half day, so if I can make at least half my CODB, I feel okay about it.

        Unfortunately, shooting editorial solely is no longer a viable way to make a income as a photographer. However, the portfolio opportunities, the exposure to art buyers, and the credibility you gain kind of justifies working at a loss. Plus, speaking from experience, many editorial jobs I’ve shot have led me to regular clients locally and beyond.

        As my career has grown, I now say no to the ones that are just too low and have low portfolio value. But when I was starting out, I said yes to everything. That ended up in me working very hard for not much money. When I set my pricing based on my CODB, I priced myself out of some lower paying clients, but I get paid better from the clients that can afford me. Thus, I make better work and get better jobs from the experience and portfolio opportunities. It keeps going up and up. If you are known as the cheap photographer, you will always be the cheap photographer.

        So, your CODB should be your goal and you should try to get it covered. Also, rather than look at as a daily fee, you could look at it from a weekly perspective. If you bill 3 jobs that meet your weekly CODB, then go for it. It really depends on where you are at in your career. How hungry are you for work? ReplyCancel

    • Nick Girard03/20/2012 - 11:59 am

      Licoln,

      Wow, this is great. I rarely will read an entire post plus all of it’s comments and then also comment, but this topic warranted it.

      As a freelance videographer I believe this post is sound advice for my profession also. I am going to attempt to sit down and figure out my CODB and then create a fee schedule.

      BUT I have one question. I am curious as to how things work with video and usage fees. I never really considered this until reading this post and don’t know how to approach it. 95% of the video work I have done has been used only on the web. Any insight would be greatly appreciated.

      Best,

      Nick GirardReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour03/20/2012 - 3:21 pm

        Hey Nick, I don’t know much about video, but what I’ve heard is that there are different rates based on your role. For example: a Director makes more than the Director of Photography, but the DP make more than a Camera Operator. I guess if you do your CODB, that should be your day rate for a Camera Operator. Then charge more to be a DP or Director. Maybe DP is 2X your CODB. Something like that. I really don’t know what the going rates are, so it’s hard for me to say.

        I also think that clients typically get unlimited rights to the video, because it only has one or two uses (broadcast or web) and it’s significance is short lived. If a client wants to pull stills from your video for print or web usage, then that’s when you would want to start charging usage rates.

        I’m not sure if your a member of ASMP or APA, but they have great forums on Yahoo and LinkedIn that might be helpful in getting pricing advice. Good luck!ReplyCancel

        • Nick Girard03/23/2012 - 2:36 pm

          Thanks for the reply! Ironically I just received an email about using some of my photos for some TV bumps and other promotional material. This came unexpectedly and I am scrabbling to figure out how to handle this situation.

          It would be for national broadcast. The photos are of an event. Not sure about the length of use. And I am sure if it is something that should be considered “advertising” or something else.

          Pretty vague, but figured maybe you could give me at least an idea.

          I found that John Harrington charges $2,680.00 for TV Stills, National 5 seconds.

          http://johnharrington.com/dc-photographer/pricing/advertising-photography/

          Seems expensive for my situation though, but maybe I am wrong.ReplyCancel

          • Lincoln Barbour03/23/2012 - 3:09 pm

            Hey Nick,

            I’d look up what Corbis or Getty would charge. It’ll help you figure how to ask the right questions about usage. If you get in a rut, reach out to Suzanne Sease (http://suzannesease.com/) She used to be an Art Buyer at the Martin Agency and so probably knows better than I do. She’s my photo consultant and I highly recommend her.ReplyCancel

    • craig03/28/2012 - 4:38 pm

      This is a good basic system. We also track an internal metric of “effective hourly rate” which is basically the cost of the shoot (minus expenses) divided by an estimate of how long it will take to see all the way to delivery including the post.

      I track this on a spreadsheet that segment clients and bids by what kind they are (local, regional, national), keeping in mind the usage. I track bids won/lost/ignored. Patterns tend to emerge with enough data, ie around here, local clients will rarely pay an EFH over $125/hr no matter what the usage is.

      It doesn’t do so well for national campaigns, but for the weekly bread & butter.ReplyCancel

    • Kevin04/11/2012 - 9:13 am

      Look, all this sounds very nice, but let’s get real. The reality for most photographers is make enough to eat and put a roof over their head or get a “real” job. That means WHAT DOES IT COST TO SURVIVE. Sorry, but $94000.00 a year is NOT what it cost to survive. $500.00 for a 1br apt and $10.00 a day for food and a bus pass will get done. You maybe laughing but sorry that is YOUR COMPETITION and they are willing to “LOSE MONEY” in order to live as a working photographer — and also they are shooting at lot more than 4 days a month at $250.00 a day … Don’t get me wrong 50K a year + all expenses paid is a wonderful fantasy that is a reality for a few, but the idea that you are LOSING MONEY if you don’t make that is bull. You are ONLY LOSING MONEY IF YOU ARE SITTING HOME AND NOT SHOOTING AND NOT GETTING PAID. If you are out shooting and getting paid you are NOT losing money.ReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour04/11/2012 - 1:29 pm

        Hey Kevin, everyone has different lifestyles that their business needs to pay for. If you can get by on less, then by all means go for it. The $94,0000 includes $44,000 dollars of overhead (like camera equipment, computer equipment, software, cell phone, advertising, travel, meal, repairs, rental, and so forth. Overhead is any expense you can’t bill for on a job. So any job you get, your creative fee has to cover your salary + overhead. Add those two up and divide by the number of days you want to shoot in a year, you have CODB. If you shoot less than your CODB, you’re operating at loss. And to make up for it, you have to bill more on other jobs or shoot more days. Personally, I’d rather work less days and take jobs that pay better and are more fulfilling.ReplyCancel

    • Jose Tan12/11/2012 - 2:07 am

      Lincoln,

      Thank you so much for putting this down in your blog. It have given me another perspective on how to do my pricing. Really helpful even though I am based here in Thailand where the market is swamped with photographers who ask for ridiculously low fee and clients who don’t have an idea or don’t understand how things should be priced. 😉 Anyway, thanks again!

      Jose TanReplyCancel

    • Denise10/10/2016 - 8:58 pm

      Hi Lincoln

      Do you cover your editing time in the BCF or charge that out under expenses to the client? If so, is there any standard benchmark for editing fees.

      Thank you.
      DeniseReplyCancel

      • Lincoln Barbour10/19/2016 - 1:42 pm

        Hi Denise,

        Good question! It really depends on how much editing time you do as part of your creative vision. There’s a certain amount of basic cleanup that I always do that I just consider part of my creative fee. For example, I often shoot brackets for the window exposures. I’ll do the retouching to bring those windows in, but not charge for it. It’s part of my creative vision. If it’s a lot of other retouching requested by the client, I’ll outsource it or bill it out hourly or per photo. Lately, I’ve been charging a daily capture fee to handle the importing, editing and proofing. Then I charge a per shot fee for each shot delivered. That per shot fee includes light retouching, no more than 15 minutes per image.ReplyCancel

    • Denise10/19/2016 - 10:48 pm

      Hi Lincoln
      Thanks for your reply, much appreciated.

      DeniseReplyCancel

    QR Codes = Awesome

    I don’t remember my exact train of thought on QR Codes, but I’ve been seeing them everywhere lately. I didn’t quite know what they were, so I googled it to find out. Basically, they’re bar codes of any type of text. They can be URLs, phone numbers, and even just plain text. You scan them...

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      Digital Processing Fees

      Lately, I’ve been getting a lot of pressure to reduce my digital processing fees and, in some cases, even hand off my RAW files and let a third party deal with the post processing. Well, let me state this once and for all: I won’t do that. If I’m hired to create images that are...

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      • Jen Wick03/10/2011 - 3:07 pm

        Smart. There are parallels here that allow a takeaway for other creative industries. I appreciate use of a formula here, which always helps in the bidding process. I only occasionally have to defend my rates, but it’s a worthwhile endeavor. When clients think something “shouldn’t take long” (and thus shouldn’t cost them much) they don’t consider what goes into the process: education, training, experience, equipment, rent, digital storage, etc. Very helpful.ReplyCancel

      • Christian Reed03/10/2011 - 3:24 pm

        Capture fee doesn’t make sense to me.

        Were I lucky enough to get an image as good as yours, it might take me 10x as many shots. Would I then charge a $1080 capture fee?

        Seems like you’re taking a roundabout path to an hourly rate.

        It doesn’t matter, though. This issue reminds me of Paul Rand and the NEXT logo. Wasn’t it along the lines of, “I’ll give you a logo. You get no input. It will cost $100,000”.

        Everybody and their half-ass brother thinks they’re a photographer these days. Clients are paying for your talent and expertise. You cost what you cost, but you’ll get it right. Smart clients recognize that and pay you your rate. Clients who don’t get that… Well, they’re not clients now, are they?ReplyCancel

        • Lincoln Barbour03/10/2011 - 4:00 pm

          The Capture Fee covers shooting to a card, downloading, basic adjustments, rating, and adding metadata. For architecture and food, I shoot very few RAW files, so a $1 a shot works for me. When I shoot lifestyle, I only charge for the selects and not the outtakes. I might shoot a 1000, but only give the the client 200 proofs. I would then bill them for the 200.

          I don’t like billing by the hour. If I were to bill hourly, I would buy the slowest computer on earth. Billing by the unit saves my client money and makes me more profitable the more efficient I become. It’s a win win.

          Like I said, do whatever makes sense to you. Just bill by the unit, not by the hour.ReplyCancel

      • lisa teso03/10/2011 - 3:35 pm

        perfectly stated, excellent approach.

        thanks for sharing!ReplyCancel

      • Christian03/10/2011 - 5:50 pm

        Awesome post. I have been dealing with similar issues and think this is a straight forward approach. What are you thoughts about those “extra” processing requests that clients sometimes make, like cloning out power lines, etc? I usually charge a flat rate per image and any additional requests are billed hourly. Thoughts? thanks for sharing.ReplyCancel

        • Lincoln Barbour05/06/2011 - 2:20 pm

          If it’s part of your vision to retouch the shot in any way, then that should be part of your creative fee. After you deliver the image and the client wants more retouching, then you should probably give them an estimate to do what they’re asking for. You could do it hourly or just charge a flat fee. Typical retouching rates are from $40/hr to $120/hr.ReplyCancel

      • Boone03/11/2011 - 11:49 am

        Great post Lincoln. Thanks for sharing.

        For me this is a super tricky thing to add as a line item. Honestly, it’s hard enough to work out licensing with many local clients who just don’t get it. But I appreciate the conversation and also encouragement to “stand firm” in practices that keep doing what we do sustainable.ReplyCancel

      • Erik Bishoff03/15/2011 - 9:55 am

        I’ve also been bouncing this stuff around in my head… for months. I even attended the ASMP SB3 conference in LA a couple months ago to learn more about pricing and fees. Everyone had a different answer, it was a little frustrating.

        I think yours is a good solution. It may not be for everyone, because we all have a different process to our work, but it’s important to address it and we ALL DO need to consider these issues.

        When you’re looking at the breakdown you use and the $1 increments… that’s something clients can understand. Bravo! (…and thanks for sharing this)ReplyCancel

      • andy05/06/2011 - 2:00 pm

        Lincoln,

        Hey I am a little late to the party here, but I just stumbled across this post after stumbling across your website/blog. By the way, I really like the layout of your sites. Inviting and easy.

        Anyway, my question is do you charge any other fees in addition to the $1 per capture to shoot digital and
        $1 per MB of final image(s) delivered? Model fees, digital storage fees, travel, insurance, permits, etc.? I assume so, but wasn’t sure if your pricing structure was intended to include all of this in an easy-to-digest way. And does this structure apply to commercial and editorial assignments equally?

        I appreciate you sharing your methods and for taking the time (hopefully) to entertain my questions.

        AndyReplyCancel

        • Lincoln Barbour05/06/2011 - 2:12 pm

          Hey Andy,

          Thanks for commenting and the kind words.

          To answer your question, yes I charge for all expenses on top of my creative fee and digital processing fees. This includes (but not limited to) assistants, stylists, producers, equipment rental, travel, props, craft services, catering, location/studio fee, special effects, and so forth. The blog post was about what I charge for shooting digital (as apposed to shooting film).ReplyCancel

        • Lincoln Barbour05/06/2011 - 2:13 pm

          PS: I don’t charge for digital storage or archiving. I just charge for pulling out of the archive if someone wants it.ReplyCancel

      • Anthony03/01/2012 - 4:01 am

        Lincoln,

        Thank you for the sharing of information. This is one step forward to educating both clients and new photographers. I arrived in the country several months ago and nobody could tell me a rate structure that they were following. With respect to the industry one should always find that out so that you don’t undercut the competition and thus undermine all of us in the process. So thank you for sharing…

        In South Africa we get paid a day rate and a process fee. However, we don’t get paid usage and the law states that you don’t own your own pictures. the person who commissions the job does. The publications are demanding the RAW files there to do away with the process rate and to control all images… therefor only wanting a monkey to point and shoot.

        It is only when you have explained what the costs are in order to maintain the best equipment and up keep thereof, does a client fully understand the role of the professional photographers fees.

        AnthonyReplyCancel

      • Jerry03/15/2012 - 3:53 pm

        I’m colour correcting a sandwich. It’s looking like a damn good sandwich – after 45 minutes. Processing fees make that happen!ReplyCancel

      Photography is just like…

      …music. You hear a pop song in commercial, but that company doesn’t own the song. …software. You buy software, but that doesn’t mean you own the code. …blueprints. You may own the building when it’s built, but the architect owns the design. …sculpture. You can buy art, but you can’t copy and sell it as...

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        Pricing Photography for Image Libraries

        “…in a world where photographers traditionally price their product based on usage, what is “unlimited” use worth? There have always been photographers who intentionally or unknowingly ignore the subject of licensing, or otherwise simply give away unlimited use of their pictures without charging a premium for it. Those tend to be young photographers who don’t...

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          Starting Out as a Photographer

          Around this time of year, I get a lot of emails from photo students about to graduate. I think part of their curriculum is to go out and ask photographers they like how they got their start. So, when Andrew Torres emailed me a few weeks ago, I decided to make a blog post out...

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          • Andrew Torres03/29/2010 - 9:11 am

            Thanks a lot Lincoln, really good info here.ReplyCancel

          • Jennifer Glass06/26/2012 - 7:50 am

            This is a great list with lots of helpful information. I have a quick question, which tilt-shift lens do you find is more versitile, the 17mm or 24mm? I’m an architectural historian and part of my job is documenting historic buildings through photography. I’ve gotten by with correcting the keystone effect in photoshop, but it would be really great to do that in camera. I shoot a mix of interiors and exteriors so I was looking for a tilt-shift that I could use for both (if possible). Thanks!ReplyCancel

            • Lincoln Barbour06/26/2012 - 8:46 am

              I find myself using the 24mm more than the 17mm. The 17 is really wide and I’m not a fan of using it in small interiors. Makes everything look too distorted. That being said, when you need a 17mm, there’s nothing better. I would plan in getting both, but start with the 24mm.ReplyCancel

          Friday Photo Links

          It’s been a busy week here at Lincoln Barbour Photo. A great shoot yesterday, two shoots next week to get ready for, estimates and portfolios going out the door, my bookkeeping is way behind, I even have some web projects needed to get done yesterday. Not complaining, mind you, it’s a very nice change from...

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            503-467-9470

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